The Essence of Perfume by Roja Dove ~ perfume book review

Roja Dove, The Essence of Perfume, book covervintage Guerlain perfume bottles

With the winter holidays approaching fast, it's time to discuss a book that has been sitting on my shelf for several months now. It's one of those rare books that combine pleasure and knowledge in equal measure — beautiful looks, matched with refreshing and original content. Which is no small accomplishment, when you think of all the coffee-table books we've reviewed on these pages alone. Author Roja Dove needs no further introduction*, and many of you have either read about The Essence of Perfume on other blogs, or perhaps even own a copy already. What I want to do here is to give a brief overview of its contents, and then add a small critical note, which I hope won't resonate too badly with the author. We'll see.

If you're covering a big topic like perfumery in one book, you're bound to make concessions. This one starts with a very brief introduction to the sense of smell, which is obviously not the author's strongest point. But if olfaction is what you're most interested in, there's an ample choice of specialized books to consult instead. Chapter two is a far more elaborate sketch of the origins of modern perfumery. It features, among other things, stunning images of three unique Guerlain bottles — Bouquet de Victoria, Prince Albert's Bouquet, and Bouquet de Napoléon (latter two are shown above) — which came from Roja Dove's personal inventory. They're dated between the 1850s and 1870s, and are described as the "only known examples" in the world.

Chapters three to five are about techniques and materials in perfumery, fragrance pyramids, and 'facets' in perfume compositions. I don't think I've seen facets described so methodically anywhere else; they are not the same as 'notes', in that they describe effects within a composition, rather than its more distinct elements. But the really good part starts in chapter six, which covers more than one hundred pages on the Great Classics. Here the author gives proof of his skills as Professeur de Parfums and Guerlain connoisseur. It's like an illustrated lecture, in which we learn some surprisingly funny stuff, like Jean-Paul Guerlain's quote that "(t)here are only two good fougères, Jicky and Mouchoir de Monsieur — all the rest are for truck-drivers" (p. 86). Beautiful pictures of vintage bottles and advertisements make this whole experience complete.

The largest part of chapter six is dedicated to the evolution of modern perfumery. Starting with Jicky (1889), we are invited to an extensive tour of the past 120 years in fragrance. The great classics are placed in the context of major social and cultural events, and some interesting questions are raised along the way — for instance, the extent to which Guerlain's Shalimar (1925) was inspired by Coty's Emeraude (1921). If all this makes you wonder about a certain bias in the book, let me reassure you that there's plenty to read about the Chanels, Carons, Diors, Piguets, Worths, Cartiers, Yves Saint Laurents, and Thierry Muglers of this world too.

Robert Piguet Fracas pagevintage Fracas advert

Of course, there's also plenty for the author to complain about. In a short roundup at the end of the book, he points his arrows at the "amoebic" perfume industry, which "has been cheapened and bastardised over the past decade or two as the industry was slowly bought up by large multi-national conglomerates [...]. The net results are odours which are both monolithic and lacking in any form of subtlety and refinement — or they are vapid, lacking in originality or staying power" (p. 252). He considers today's celebrity and mass-market fragrances as the contemporary equivalent of the "smart toiletries" of the 1950s and 60s, whose main purpose was to generate large profits for large corporations. The difference is that today's market is flooded with products that are "common and disposable" by comparison. Roja Dove adds that fortunately, there are many new perfume houses nowadays that cater to a growing number of people who understand "true olfactory luxury" (p. 253).


The main problem I have with this book (apart from the author's strange habit of changing Coty's Chypre into Le Chypré) is in how it links perfume culture to large-scale social phenomena. All too often the author suggests causalities between major social and political events on the one hand, and perfume trends on the other, giving us the false idea that we can draw direct parallels between the "taste of a decade" (I'm phrasing this in my own words) and great periods of prosperity or turmoil. Saying that "In the 1910s perfume — like the decade's women — was emancipated" is in itself meaningless; adding that women no longer wanted to smell of flowers because of their newly found 'liberation' (again, my rephrasing) hardly makes the argument more convincing. And even if you drag in the Russian Revolution, the first World War, and the women's Suffrage Movement (!) to show that it "all seemed to be part of the death-knoll [sic] which signalled the downfall of established order", it remains unclear how this changing power balance relates to "a decade that saw strident change with the creation of the Chypré accord", as mentioned in the next paragraph (p. 93).

Three relatively minor issues to conclude: the bibliography is an absolute mess (full of typos) and needs to be fixed; the rest would benefit from a cleanup too; and finally, the hype about the author (three pages in the back of the book) is a little over the top. But all things considered, I still think it's a beautiful book. I love the anecdotal parts, and the bottles from the author's personal collection are a special treat. He managed to put together a comprehensive book on perfumery that makes this a desirable Christmas gift indeed. The cover price is a steep $70 (£40 in the UK), but it's available from Amazon for little over $47.

The Essence of Perfume
London: Black Dog Publishing (2008)
Hardcover, 271 pages

* But just in case, you can read more about Roja Dove at his website.

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  1. Anonymous says:

    Love those Guerlain Bottles! And the ads back then were so glam!

  2. Anonymous says:

    As a journalist myself, I have near-zero respect for books containing typos and showing other hallmarks of poor editing (or more likely, the total lack of an editor's guiding hand). Those visible flaws make you wonder what else in the book would have benefited from an editor's objective assessment. As such, this book won't make it onto my shopping list.

  3. Anonymous says:

    Absolutely! The Piguet ad is for Fracas of course, and the model on the black and white photograph is Barbara Goalen, wearing a Dior dress (1947).

  4. Anonymous says:

    My impression is that they rushed it through the final stages of production. The bibliography looks like a faulty document that was recovered from the trash bin; the rest is not as bad as that, but it definitely needs to be improved as well. I will not discard the book as a whole for this reason alone, but if the publishers are planning a reprint, I hope they will take your comment at heart.

  5. Anonymous says:

    I dislike sloppiness, too, but I'd like to read this. Too bad the historical connections aren't more fleshed out – that sort of thing really interests me. (Good review.)

  6. Anonymous says:

    Thanks for this review! As a writer myself, I cringe at typos, but I do love reading about perfume. The “post hoc, ergo propter hoc” logic mistake is a very common one today, I see it more and more often, particularly linked with sports stats. I'm still curious enough to take a peek, maybe even buy it. Love the bottles!

  7. Anonymous says:

    Thanks! The book contains plenty of historical data, so that's good. You just have to see through the historical fallacies the author tends to make, and not take his sociopolitical and economical contextualizations for granted.

  8. Anonymous says:

    My pleasure! What you mentioned is a very common phenomenon in perfume books too. I think that in time, we will see more scholarly books on perfume history as well. Annick Le Guérer and Elisabeth de Feydeau are excellent in that respect.

  9. Anonymous says:

    re: Dove's correlation between fragrance and social phenomenon, I haven't read the book and it sounds like his claims might be a bit sweeping. But there is definitely a connection between the “taste of a decade” and social phenomenon. My anthropology colleagues and I noticed heavier, opulent fragrances and extravagant packaging came back into vogue for the general public when the Iraq War started getting nasty. We deemed it a coping mechanism, a way of constructing a false sense of prosperity and stability so the war doesn't feel so real.

  10. Anonymous says:

    Thank you, Marcello, for such a thoughtful review. I think quinncreative nailed it–the “after this, therefore on account of this” fallacy is a major problem in a lot of histories, especially popular histories. If the reader doesn't take the author's causal connections too seriously, though, he or she can still benefit from the exposition of the art form, and the descriptions of contemporary events are at least useful for orienting a non-historian in the time period.

  11. Anonymous says:

    Very well done, Marcello, and I've enjoyed the thread of posts as well. What a smart bunch here on NST.

  12. Anonymous says:

    A friend returned from Harrod's with a beautiful colour copy of Roja's boutique's soft-cover book. I was thrilled but the typos should have been edited out. Coming from England, one would have thought that it would be perfect. I was dismayed. I have met Roja and he is truly one of the most charming men on the planet. Thanks for the review, Marcello.

  13. Anonymous says:

    Aleta, thanks for your interesting comment! Would love to hear more about your thoughts on perfume and coping mechanisms. And I hope I didn't give the impression that I object against the idea of taste as a cultural expression – quite the contrary!

  14. Anonymous says:

    Thank you Bergere! I couldn't have said it better myself.

  15. Anonymous says:

    My pleasure, Robin!

  16. Anonymous says:

    Thanks Celestia! I hadn't heard about the softcover version yet.

  17. carla says:

    Great Review Marcello – Quite amusing.
    I simply cannot understand why a book that contains typos and spelling mistakes with a rediculous 3 page spread about himself has even been published! What is this world coming too? Where is the sophisticated intelligence gone? Perfumery is such a refined subject and should really not be dis-respected in this way.
    I shall not be buying it!

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